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XKCD webcomic Wikipedian Protester

Announcing the Seventh Edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, more commonly known as APA Citation Style! The APA published their updated 7th Edition late last Fall, and the APA-using community is beginning to transition from the 6th Edition to the 7th. Luckily, most of the changes have been quality-of-life changes.

The good news for students?

  • No more running heads!
  • No need for publication place in book citations!
  • Any in-text citations with more than three authors are shortened to the first author and et al.!
  • Clearer guidelines for including contributors other than authors and editors, e.g. podcast hosts!
  • Increased font flexibility!
    • Hello Calibri 11, Arial 11, Lucida Sans Unicode 10, and Georgia 11 (in addition to the old favorite, Times New Roman 12)!

The goal of APA 7th Edition is to codify many of the suggested citation rules the APA created as the 6th Edition evolved. In addition to making these suggestions into official guidelines, the APA has adjusted how it cites more modern texts, in particular anything with a URL. The hope is to make citation a more streamlined process, while maintaining a rigorous academic standard.

The APA is suggesting users begin to switch to 7th Edition rules Spring 2020, though some universities and groups may choose to put off the transition to Fall 2020. Check with your professors on which version they expect you to use, if it’s not included in your syllabus.

For 7th Edition resources, be sure to check out our APA Research Guide. We recently updated it to conform to the 7th Edition. The APA Style Blog has also transitioned to 7th Edition, and is a great resource for more obscure citation questions. For 6th Edition resources, Purdue OWL still has their 6th Edition site live, though they do note they are scheduled to publish the updated 7th Edition guide in Spring 2020. You can also still find the APA Style Blog’s 6th Edition Archive, so you can search it for answers to any 6th Edition questions.

You can always reach out to us at Himmelfarb Library with any questions you may have. Our reference staff are more than happy to answer your questions about APA 6th or 7th Edition!

Image Source: Munroe, R. (2007). Wikipedian protester [Webcomic]. xkcd.


Did you know that Himmelfarb Library provides a specialized web page available to our GW Hospital users? Here you will be able to find access to databases, ebooks, and e-journals that are available to you.

Himmelfarb’s website for GW Hospital users tries to maximize access and convenience:

  • No login required: resources listed can be accessed without logging in.
  • Automatic display of customized webpage; simply locate the Himmelfarb web page from a GWU Hospital location it will display automatically.

Information tools are optimized for clinical use and include:

  • DynaMed: evidence-based, clinically organized topics that are constantly updated as the study of medicine grows. The content ranges from comprehensive reviews of diseases and conditions, to abnormal findings based on differential diagnosis and management. You can also download the DynaMed mobile app to get easy access on your mobile devices!
  • Lexicomp: comprehensive clinical drug information includes access to a drug interaction checker, drug ID Tool, and calculators.
  • ClinicalKey and ClinicalKey for Nursing: full-text access to key books, journals, drug information, clinical overviews and more.

To explore the full selection of resources available to GW Hospital users, select Databases, Hospital e-Journals, or Hospital e-Books from the homepage.  Each of these pages will help you locate resources that can be accessed from the GW Hospital and without entering a login/password. If you have a GW NetID, you can view a complete list of available resources by changing to the default library webpage or by changing the view on an individual page (i.e. toggling from Hospital E-Journals to All E-Journals.

If you have questions, please contact!



Stop/Unethical - Think/Grey - Go/EthicalA scientist wrongfully imprisoned?  Or, a scientist who ignored ethical principles and scientific standards?

Dr. He Jiankui earned a PhD from Rice University in 2010, did postdoctoral work at Stanford University, and returned to China in 2012 to work in the Southern University of Science and Technology.  In 2018, Dr. Jiankui confirmed reports that he had edited the genomes of embryos using CRISPR, transferred them to women's uteruses, and that a set of twin girls had been born.  Subsequently, Dr. Jiankui was placed on unpaid leave and eventually dismissed from Southern University of Science and Technology.  In late 2019, Dr. Jiankui was sentenced to three years in prison and fined about $430,000 U.S. dollars for having "forged ethical review documents and misled doctors into unknowingly implanting gene-edited embryos into two women."

So what happened?  Did Dr. Jiankui go too far, too fast?  Or, did China stifle a cutting edge researcher?  Read these articles to understand the science, ethics, and researchers involved in this story:

For more discussion, check out additional articles in Dr. Chuck Macri’s Genetics Journal Club

Question bank icons for LWW Board Review Series, USMLEasy, ExamMaster and Case Files CollectionHimmelfarb Library provides access to USMLE board review question banks and review materials.  All review materials are available on the Step 1, Step 2 and Step 3 Research Guides which help users access online practice tests, case files, and question banks as well as print and online review books in anatomy, behavioral science, biochemistry and molecular biology, etc.

Questions banks include:

LWW Health Library: Board Review Series - full-text access to the entire Board Review Series includes full-text book access and 5,000 questions and explanations. A self-assessment function provides customized subject review and tracks progress in specific areas.  For full-access, create free personal account.

USMLEasy - customizable practice tests with detailed results.  You set target test date, prep mode (aggressive/moderate/relaxed), and when/if to receive progress reports.  Use Adaptive Practice mode to access questions based on your strengths and weaknesses, or create your own quiz.  Access includes one full-length practice test. Create free personal account

ExamMaster - thorough content coverage to basic science concepts in USMLE Step 1 plus detailed scoring feedback.  Tutor Mode emulates look/feel of exam or can focus on basic science subjects.  Timed Mode delivers practice exam then provides access My Stats for report of strengths and weaknesses by subject.  Create free personal account and access Exam Master from on-campus locations or while logged into VPN

Case Files Collection - interactive access to complete Case Files Series including Biochemistry, Microbiology, Pathology, Pharmacology, etc. Designed to support knowledge application via realistic patient cases.  Each case includes case history, knowledge review, pearls, and USMLE-style review questions.  For full-access, create free personal account.

If you have any questions, or would like to recommend resources, please contact Laura Abate (

Woman standing in front of a wall holding flowers.

The field of emergency medicine tends to attract outgoing individuals who enjoy engaging with their environment and don’t mind taking risks. This type of person is generally considered to be an extrovert. But this doesn’t mean that introverts don’t exist in the field of emergency medicine. GW faculty member Janice Blanchard, MD, Ph.D explores the importance of introverts in the field of emergency medicine in a reflection piece published in Academic Emergency Medicine

A key difference between introverts and extroverts is the source from which they get energy. Does being in a room filled with other people make you feel energized? Or are you exhausted and zapped of energy by the time you leave the room? Blanchard summarizes this difference by stating that “introverts thrive from the energy within, whereas extroverts are fueled from the spark of others.” 

Introverts recharge their internal battery with “me time” and extroverts recharge by being social. While attending a large emergency medicine conference recently where “frequent social interactions with colleagues was the norm,” Blanchard explains that “at the end of the day, I felt absolutely exhausted.”

While not much has been written about physicians and introversion, especially within the specialty of emergency medicine, Blanchard provides some insight that could help introverts thrive in the extroverted field of emergency medicine. Because introverts tend to be great listeners, their “leadership skills shine through the implementation of input gathered from each individual within that team.” 

Although there are differences in the way introverts and extroverts operate, both play vital roles in the world and within the field of emergency medicine. While the extrovert tends to be a dominant personality characteristic within emergency medicine, Blanchard reminds us that “there is room for both in our specialty.”


Blanchard J. (2019). Pardon Me for Being a Wallflower. Academic emergency medicine: official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 10.1111/acem.13894.

Photo by NordWood Themes on Unsplash

Himmelfarb Annual Book Sale posterOur Annual Book Sale will be held January 29th-31st in the first floor reference alcove of Himmelfarb. Sale is open 8:30am to midnight the first two days, wrapping up at noon on the 31st.

Textbooks, study guides, books of historical interest and more - get here early for best selection! $10 for hardback books, $5 for paperback, DVDs as low as $1. Cash or check only. 



Out with the old and in with the new. If you’re feeling any regret after all those Holiday cookies, or goals long forgotten in 2019, don’t worry, you’re not alone. With the change of the calendar year, many of us take the time to reflect on not only the past year, but to also look ahead and ask ourselves “What do I want to change this year?” 

Before jumping on the bandwagon and hastily filling out a list of things you want to accomplish in 2020, it might be a good idea to simply stop and think about yourself. Ask yourself: “Have I made any new year resolutions in the past, and if so, did I stick with them?” If not, why not? What lead you astray in what you set out to tackle? This may be key to not only helping you think differently about any future goals, but to challenge yourself to have a wider perspective so that you can lay out specific and measurable goals.

Not sure where to start? The National Kidney Foundation has a great example of laying out SMART goals on their website. A New Year, a New You: 5 Tips to Make Achieving Your Goals Possible

Remember, there is no need to rush the creation of your SMART goals. Attainable, realistic goals take time to measure out and to plan for. As awesome as it would be, most goals are not as simply obtained as checking off items in a shopping list. It can be difficult to be accountable to ourselves sometimes, even harder to check back in the weeks after the new years to track our progress. Don’t fret, no one is perfect. Even if you slip or miss a few steps of progress, you can always keep working towards your goal. Make it a task to set aside some time for you to ask yourself “Where am I at with this goal?”, “What is working, and what is not?”, “What are some things I need to change to make this happen?” 

No resolution is too big or too small. (Even if you’re looking to just improve your posture!) Real Simple has some excellent suggestions for smaller, and easier to obtain goals in their article: 

8 Health Goals You Can Actually Stick To in 2020

Wishing you all a safe and happy New year from the Himmelfarb Library! May all your goals this year be conquerable. 


Related articles can be found here: 

Making New Year's Resolutions That Stick: Exploring How Superordinate and Subordinate Goals Motivate Goal Pursuit

Sustainable New Year’s Resolutions for a Healthy 2020

Seven steps for making your New Year’s resolutions stick

Healthy Living @ Himmelfarb January DC Events Guide
Use Healthy Living @ Himmelfarb's DC Events Guide to start 2020 off right!  Take a step in the right direction by joining the Washington National Cathedral's Meditation Walk, or watch a Chef's Table Demonstration at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.  If you want to play in 2020, explore the NBC4 Health and Fitness Expo, or take in a GW Women's Basketball game!
Learn more about these events and discover additional events via the complete January DC Events Guide!

Various herbs, lemon, and salt on a white table.

Photo by Brooke Lark on Unsplash

Welcome to the end of another wonderful semester! Whatever your winter break plans, know you have earned some rest and relaxation. So instead of stressing about what to bring to that ugly sweater party or holiday dinner, why not let us do the work for you and recommend a few simple, healthy recipes?

If you really want to impress your hosts/guests, look no further than this Roasted Fennel with Charred Tomatoes, Olives, and Pecorino. This simple recipe requires just a single dish (I suggest a sheet pan), so clean up is a cinch. If you want to make it a bit more substantial, add mild Italian sausages and some chunks of ciabatta to the mix!

Looking for something even easier? This Lemon Green Bean Almondine is a sure hit, and you can prep everything the night before. The bright, acidic lemon is a lovely counterpoint to all the rich, creamy foods we usually serve during the winter.

This Winter Kale and Brussels Sprout Salad is the lunch you need to hold you over until the holiday party spread. If you’re worried about how to remove pomegranate seeds without making a mess, have no fear! All you need to do is score four lines in the pomegranate to quarter it, then submerge it in a bowl of water while you pull it apart and remove the seeds. The pith will float, while the seeds sink.  Just remove the pith and drain the seeds. Voilà! A mess-free way of de-seeding a pomegranate.

Last but not least, a delicious host gift. Everyone brings wine, candles, and cookies, but you’ll stand out with this homemade Pistachio Dark Chocolate Bark. You can trade out the pistachios for just about any other kind of topping – different nuts and seeds, your favorite candy, shattered peppermints, coconut flakes, dried fruit. Mix and match whatever sounds good. I suggest sticking with the original, and adding a sprinkle of good chili powder if your hosts are fans of spicy food!

Happy Holidays, and we’ll see you in the new year!


The TOXNET database is retiring on December 16, 2019.  Much of TOXNET's information will remain accessible and will be incorporated into other resources including PubChemPubMed, and NCBI's Bookshelf:

  • PubChem will incorporate the Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB), ChemIDPlus, and the Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System (CCRIS); the CCRIS includes information from 1985-2011 and is no longer updated.
  • PubMed will incorporate information from TOXLINE, the Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology Database (DART)
  • Bookshelf will incorporate LactMed and LiverTox

Some TOXNET resources have been retired but related resources remain accessible:

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